That idea of seeking shelter under a doorsill is a myth when it comes to earthquakes. Apart from very old houses, the threshold is not necessarily the safest place. In fact, you may even up being hit hard by the door! One rule to staying safe during an earthquake is to seek an area with a sturdy covering, then crouch down and hold.
If you feel the earth starts to shake, crouch down with your knees and hands on the ground, which helps protect you from falling and enables you to move. Cover your neck and head, preferably under a table or desk, and grasp the table leg. Stay there awaiting the movement stops. Be ready to move since your home security is at risk.
If you do not have a table or shelter near you, crouch near a wall inside the building, always protecting the head and neck. The outer walls and windows are the most dangerous areas, as well as furniture and heavy objects. The greatest risks of accidents during an earthquake occur if you try to move from side to side. So if you’re in bed, stay there and cover the head with a pillow. Never try to leave the house until the quakes stop.
If you are in an open area, do not try to enter a building. For example, look for a open place, avoid poles, trees, buildings and cars. If possible, the middle of the street is actually a safe area. Do not forget to squat as soon as the tremors begin and protect your head. If you are driving, stop the car (away from bridges, trees and poles) and stay inside waiting for the tremors stop. When you are at a public place, such as a theater, stadium or museum, stand in your place while protecting your head. Never try to leave until the tremors stop. Then, walk slowly toward the exit, being careful of objects that might fall on you.